ARPHA Proceedings 5: 433-444, doi: 10.3897/ap.5.e0433
Anthropological Model of Specialist Training at University
expand article infoValerian F. Gabdulсhakov, Olga V. Yashina
Open Access
The subject matter is the search for an effective model of specialist training at university. While analyzing the problems of teacher training for preschool education we discovered that this education is mainly academic, far from practice and the developed methodological ideas. The methodology of the study is based on the statement that thinking and speech are interdependent processes (Vygotsky, 1999), as well as on the structural approach to communication analysis (Morgenthaler, 1980). The study lasted for three years (2017-2020). They were used in cognitive, i.e. literature, speech and rhetoric classes. All together 8 groups of exercises were used in the experiment: 4 groups of traditional physical training exercises and 4 groups of non-standard musical-dancing ones. Dancing groups of exercises included music and acrobatic rock-and-roll movements (Bogdashin, 2020). The experiment (evidence from developing physical and cognitive regulatory functions in children) result showed that preschool teachers professional training must be of anthropological nature, in other words, be focused on revealing and studying the internal principles of child development; and projecting techniques for preschool education should be based on these principles. All that allowed us to conclude that the anthropological model of specialist training at university should be not only practice-oriented but also research-oriented. Herewith, students’ research work must be not just academic but also action-oriented.
anthropology model, specialist training, university, preschool education.