ARPHA Proceedings 5: 17-28, doi: 10.3897/ap.5.e0017
Study of Social and Language Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
expand article infoAnna I. Akhmetzyanova, Tatiana V. Artemieva, Anastasia N. Gryaznova
Open Access
One of the main obstacles to full communication and socialization is the impairment of the communication sphere in children with autism spectrum disorder. Competent diagnostics will help to identify at what level of development of social and speech skills the child is and in the future to develop goals and objectives for correctional work. This article discusses the problem of diagnosing the formation of speech and social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder, describes the results of a diagnostic study, based on the analysis of the results, formulates conclusions about the level of development of speech and social skills. Analysis of the data obtained showed that the survey participants were insufficiently developed in all categories of skills acquired through VB-MAPP. The least developed were the skills of naming objects, expressing requests, social skills. Based on these results, it can be concluded that children with autism spectrum disorder experience the greatest difficulties in social contacts, such as difficulties in making requests, interacting with people and in the absence of reactions to speech addressed to them. In this regard, difficulties occur in the development of speech skills. The survey showed that all participants in the experiment need an intensive program of correctional work, including work on the development of communication skills, speech understanding; training in cooperation, social and play skills. The research results can be used in the development of individual correctional and pedagogical work on the development of communication skills in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders.
Autism spectrum disorder, preschool age, socialization, communication, speech development, VB-MAPP