ARPHA Proceedings 4: 847-861, doi: 10.3897/ap.e4.e0847
The problem of community in new types of social philosophy textbooks
expand article infoAlexey E. Smirnov, Evgeny A. Prokhorov
Open Access
Modern teaching practice imposes special requirements on textbooks. The text should be concise, but at the same time extremely comprehensive - similar to the way encyclopedia texts were compiled in the "classical era". The authors show that such requirements are met by a modern philosophical problem of community, which may prove constructive for preparation of social philosophy textbooks. The aim of the article is to demonstrate the didactic and theoretical possibilities of the concept and problems of community in a textbook. A heterological approach is used to explore different concepts of community. A central feature of all concepts of community is the representation of the social without reliance on some central authority or transcendental denotation. Community in this logic is thought of not as a given, not as an idea or a representation, but as a state or a mode of existence. Community is being together. But 'being together' does not mean being as a common property. Being is only in sharing, only through which community is established. The material presented in a social philosophy textbook should meet the following criteria: 1. The notion of community captures a snapshot of sociality that opposes imitative, dogmatic, totalitarian and authoritarian cognitive models. 2. The practice of using the notion 'community' is closely linked to a number of key concepts in contemporary social philosophy, such as singularity, event, other, sociation, sharing, multiplicity, difference. 3. The use of material that in one way or another engages the notion of community allows us to better understand the paradigmatic methodological shift in contemporary social science from being as a supersubstantial ground to being as becoming. 4. Finally, the issue of a community in relation to social philosophy as a field of knowledge is universal and, to varying degrees of detail, can be used in almost all the topics of any relevant course.
new type of a textbook, social philosophy, concept, community, co-existence