ARPHA Proceedings 3: 2333-2345, doi: 10.3897/ap.2.e2333
Peculiarities of Children-parental Relationships Influencing Productivity and Psychoemotional Stability of Young Sportsmen
expand article infoAndrey V. Shirokov, Marina V. Fedorenko, Marina V. Belousova
Open Access
Disharmonious children-parental relationships that occur during competitive stress can destabilize the attitudes developed in the training process, cause cognitive dissonance, and provoke an increase in the level of situational and personal anxiety, which negatively affects the productivity of a young athlete in the process of competitive activity.Purpose of the study: the purpose of the study is to identify the peculiarities of children-parental relationships and the emotional state of young skaters during training and competition periods.Research techniques: PARI technique (Parental Attitude Research Instrument) to examine the attitudes of parents (especially mothers) to different sides of family life (family roles); the technique of Rene Gilles for research in the field of interpersonal relations of a child and his perception of family relations; the children’s form of CMA Smanifest anxiety scale; the questionnaire "Self-estimation of personality” offered by Budassi.Sample of the study: 30 children of 6-8 years old (students of the school "Zilant" in Kazan) and 30 adult family members (one of the parents).Results of the study: the comparative analysis of the Wilcoxon T-test for dependent samples of PARI technique showed that 15 out of 23 scales have significant differences. The comparative analysis of Rene Gilles technique showed that 10 out of 12 scales have significant differences. The analysis of the CMAS manifest anxiety scale showed that the average values obtained during competition period have significantly higher anxiety indicators than during training period. The correlation analysis (Spearman) of the results of the "Self-estimation of personality" technique revealed the presence of significant connections between the indicators of children-parental relationships and the emotional state of young skaters.Significance of the study: the study of children-parental relationships in the families of young skaters and the study of their influence on psychoemotional state of athletes is of great interest from the point of view of psychological support of youth sports and enhancing the performance of young athletes. The results of the study can be used by psychologists, psychotherapists, coaches working with children and adolescents to optimize the psychoemotional state of young athletes during competition period, to increase their resistance to competitive stress as well as for psychoeducational and psychocorrective work with the family of young athletes.
child-parent relationships, situational anxiety, primary school student, emotional contact, stress, parental attitudes, sports psychology