ARPHA Proceedings 3: 1789-1801, doi: 10.3897/ap.2.e1789
Identification, Justification and Concretization of the Basic Skills of Self-Organization
expand article infoChulpan I. Nizamova, Alisa E. Kolochkova
Open Access
Self-organizational skills are important in the life of each individual, regarding any sphere of life: training, professional activity, personal life. Self-organization is becoming one of the most sought-after qualities of future specialists and professionals. As Kozlovskaya underlines: “A student who does not know how to organize personal time can not only fully study, but also cannot become a full-fledged specialist and participant in the labor market, since a university student must organize his work himself, plan his studies himself, and distribute workloads himself”. As can be seen from the root-forming words "self" and "organization", self-organization contributes to the streamlining and organization of actions to achieve the goal. Self-organization in educational activity organizes a student to self-education. As a rule, self-education refers to the group of general cultural competencies included in the Federal State Educational Standards of Higher Education, and is referred to the information-cognitive competency (OK-5), which consists in the learner’s ability to independently acquire and use new knowledge and skills related to professional activity. In view of the tendency to increase the time allocated for independent study of hours in higher education curricula, the problem of the development of self-organization among students becomes especially topical.The aim of the article is to identify, theoretically substantiate and specify the skills of self-organization.This article discusses the structure and structural components that make up self-organization, and based on this, the basic skills of self-organization are formed. To achieve the goal, the following tasks were set:1. To form a structure of self-organization;2. Form the structural components of self-organization;3. Establish self-organization skills according to its structure and components.In the article there were nine stages of self-organization revealed, included in six structural components: a diagnostic component - introspection, analysis of the situation, goal-setting; a design component - planning; a substantial component - the implementation of the plan; a reflective-evaluative component - reflection, assessment, adjustment; a volitional component - forward movement; a component of a complex of self-processes - accompanies the entire process of self-organization. The basic skills of self-organization are: to analyze, to set goals, to plan, to motivate yourself, to follow logic, to concentrate, to have flexibility, to bear responsibility, to feel the time, to think, to evaluate, to find and correct mistakes, to act to achieve the goal, to work for the future.The materials presented in the article allow to deepen knowledge about the self-organization process for further research on the development of students’ self-organization skills in educational activities.
self-organization, self-organizational skills, the structure of self-organization, self-organizational components.