ARPHA Proceedings 3: 1315-1329, doi: 10.3897/ap.2.e1315
Deaf Children after Cochlear Implantation: Transformation of the Speech Therapist Professional Competencies
expand article infoOlga Kukuskina, Elena Goncharova, Nikolay Malofeev, Albina Satayeva
Open Access
The purpose of the article is to present the method developed for triggering the natural and spontaneous mastering of communication and speech in a deaf child after cochlear implant (CI) surgery, which is typical for a normally hearing child. The article also aims at demonstrating the need for revision of professional competencies of the present-day teachers of deaf children and speech therapists.The ideas on the social nature of secondary developmental disorders in children with severe hearing and the ideas on the role of normal child’s affective interaction with close adults for triggering the development of child’s auditory perception and speech during the first year of life served the theoretical basis of the study. Also, the ideas on the triggering point of the natural development of auditory perception and speech in children after CI surgery and the ideas proposed in the Galperin theory constituted the theoretical ground of the research.The results of the study: a) method of 3R rehabilitation aimed at transferring a child with CI to the path of the natural development of auditory perception, communication and speech, typical for a normally hearing young child; b) evidence of the effectiveness of the 3R rehabilitation method of a family and a child with CI; c) practical professional skills of a specialist, necessary for implementing a 3R rehabilitation of a family and a child with CI, are identified, their differences from those traditionally taught for the teachers of deaf children and speech therapists are shown.
Vygotsky, method, professional training, teacher of the deaf, speech therapist.