ARPHA Proceedings 1: 1299-1311, doi: 10.3897/ap.1.e1233
The Subjective Experience of Mental States in Individuals with Deviant Behavior at a Forecasting Situation
expand article infoLira V. Artischeva, Pavel S. Kirilov
Open Access
This article describes the dependence of the ability to predict mental states on their subjective experience in adolescents with deviant behavior. The purpose of the article is to study the subjective experience of mental states of joy and anger, which have different modality but belong to a group of states with high level of mental activity and to study how the experience is included in forecasting processes. The relevance of the research results from the fact that the experience of mental states plays a significant part in the process of adaptation and socialization of children and adolescents; in the development of communication and interaction skills in society; in personal development and formation of emotional and volitional spheres for which prognostic skills are important as well. In this regard, this article is aimed at identifying the content of the subjective experience of mental states of joy, anger and studying the specifics of forecasting and the characteristics of thinking that act as a determining factor for the subjective experience. The study involved the following methods: content analysis of subjects’ self-reports, testing and mathematical processing of data collected after testing. The subjects were represented by adolescents with deviant behavior. The study took place in three stages (the study of mental states in the past, in the future and the study of prognostic skills). In this article, we define the content of the experience of mental states of joy and anger, show the degree of manifestation of overall predictive capability in deviant adolescents, identify correlation between the sensory and cognitive spheres in adolescents and identify the thought processes (the quality of thinking in forecasting) that seem dominant in the subjective experience.
subjective experience; mental states; adolescents; forecasting; prognostic capability