ARPHA Proceedings 1: 127-134, doi: 10.3897/ap.1.e0116
National Ethics Code of the Russian teacher: axiology and Praxiology
expand article infoAlexander A. Fedorov, Elena Y. Ilaltdinova, Svetlana V. Frolovа
Open Access
Abstract
The aim of the study is to develop a conceptual framework for a national Ethical Code of the Russian teacher on the basis of axiological and praxeological approaches. The study material is the official documents of the countries of the East Asian, South Asian, Scandinavian, Anglo-Saxon, East European, Middle Eastern, North American, Latin American, Australian regions, scientific periodicals on the problems of the requirements for the teacher in different countries. The research problem of the study determined the need for a comparative approach usage. The study used theoretical and empirical methods. Among the leading theoretical research methods are comparative analysis and content analysis of the national ethical codes for teachers of different countries, as well as the materials of the professional development and the results of studies of the teacher’s professional and personal qualities. Empirical methods of research are surveys and measurements of the axiology of interaction between a teacher and a student at a teacher training university. Analysis of the teacher’s professional and personal qualities in nine regions of the world showed that the national characteristics and traditions of the region influence the axiological content of the national teacher’s model: the nation specifics and meta-national characteristics and values. Meta-national characteristics of a teacher are empathy, trust, cooperation, management skills, knowledge of the subject, creativity, sociability, exemplary, social activity, individual approach, respect and patience. Study of the Russian teacher concept in retrospective is based on the values of freedom, personality, faith, truth, love, life, the good, labor, sobornost. A special place is given to faith as a key national idea. The ethic code of the Russian teacher regulates professional ethic conduct, embodies the norms of professional ethics governing educational relations of all actors. It is not limited to the list of ethic norms and rules of conduct, it performs a binary function. On the one hand, it recreates national ideals as the basis for preserving school traditions, on the other hand, it is focused on global values that ensure the integration of the Russian and world education.
Keywords
professional and ethic norms, ethic code of the teacher, values, axiology, praxiology, teaching profession