ARPHA Proceedings 1: 121-125, doi: 10.3897/ap.1.e0111
Pedagogical Value of Folklore Prosaic Genres in Intellectual and Moral Education of Future Teachers at the Foreign Language Lessons
expand article infoAnastasiya V. Fakhrutdinova, Lyubov G. Chumarova, Evgeniya A. Belyaeva, Rimma R. Sagitova
Open Access
Abstract
The article is devoted to the issue of pedagogical value of folklore in intellectual and moral education of future teachers at the foreign language lessons. The authors of the article analyze why is folklore a valuable source in training teachers. In the article it was researched folklore genres which can be successfully used with educational purpose. It was also researched the works of well – known foreign and Russian scientists who made a big contribution to the theoretical and practical research of folklore. The authors of the article researched the works of pedagogues who used Russian folklore genres in kindergartens, elementary and secondary schools. The aim of the study is to demonstrate the pedagogical value of folklore prosaic genres in intellectual and moral education of future teachers at the foreign language lessons. Before analyzing the pedagogical value of folklore genres in intellectual and moral education of future teachers the authors held an opinion poll at the university. It was surveyed 200 students of the first and the second courses at the institute of psychology and education. There were some questions about folklore of the native language: if they knew some cradle songs or if they remembered tongue twisters which their parents had used to improve their pronunciation skills or if they remembered some fairy tales from their childhood, if they remembered counting out rhymes. 47 % of the future primary teachers couldn’t remember cradle songs. 33 % students responded that they knew some cradle songs but they couldn’t sing the whole songs. 20% of students didn’t hear cradle songs from their parents. Students who took part in questionnaire and in polling showed better results in retelling fairy tales of the native languages (Russian and Tatar). 88% of future infant school teachers could remember the content of fairy tales. They told that they heard them from parents and read them at primary schools. Just 5 % students could remember local legends and fables. 60 students (2 groups) of primary school teachers and English language teachers were taken to the experimental groups where the authors of the article evaluated the results of the experiment using folklore genres of the native and second languages in teaching foreign language. At the end of the experimental year students replied to some questionnaires. 100 % of students liked to learn foreign language by means of folklore as native so foreign one. They said that they would use them in their future work. 99% students underlined educational value of folklore in bringing up children, in intellectual and moral education of younger generation. 100 % students who learned foreign language by means of folklore genres highlighted that their acquired knowledge, competence, and skills would be very useful in their future work with children at primary schools.
Keywords
teacher training, folklore, foreign language, fairy tales, sagas, legends, pedagogical value, language skills, educational goals.